ETIP SNET R&I Implementation Plan 2022-2025 (December 2021)
By 2050, the extensive electrification in (nearly) all sectors of the energy system, combined with large energy efficiency improvements and CO2 reductions in all sectors, will lead to a carbon-neutral energy system. It is widely understood that this will rely on: The massive use of renewables for electricity and heating & cooling generation; Smart Grids technologies (Digitalisation and Smart control of flexible generation and demand, sustainable buildings); The combination of the above with sector coupling of all energy carriers via storage (such as batteries, by use of liquids (e.g. hydro pumping), CO2-neutral or CO2-free gases) and conversion technologies (for extensive use of carbon neutral gases and green fuels and possibly hydrogen in industry, transport and buildings); A widely adopted circular approach of the energy systems, with high recycling rates. The EU “Green Deal” and related European national requirements set precise targets by 2030 in terms of: Decarbonisation of building stock, transport, industry, and energy systems; Involvement of consumers and citizen communities in energy systems; Digitalisation as an enabler of the environmental transition and participative energy markets; Reliability, adaptability and resilience of the integrated energy systems.